Eligible students are entitled to a free appropriate public education (FAPE). FAPE includes special education and related services.
- Free means at public expense.
- Appropriate means in conformance with an IEP that meets legal requirements.
- Public means provided under public direction and supervision.
- Education includes preschool, elementary, and secondary, but not higher education.
The district must provide related services that are necessary to assist the student to benefit from special education. If a students does not need special education he/she is not entitled to related services.
In Idaho, speech language therapy is defined as special education and can be a stand-alone service.
Children ages 3 through 21 are eligible if they have a disability and need special education.
The law lists specific disability categories including autism, deafness, blindness, developmental delay, emotional disturbance, hearing impairment, cognitive retardation, orthopedic impairment, learning disability, traumatic brain injury and visual impairment. The law does not require the district to label a student by category of disability to provide services.
A team of qualified professionals and the parent (the evaluation team) determines eligibility