• How and Why to Teach the Six Syllable Types

    Syllables….you probably know them as units of sound we use to divide words.  Maybe you count them, clap them out or segment words on paper.  But did you know that there are SIX different types of syllables? 

    A syllable is a word, or a part of a word, with one vowel sound. You count syllables by listening to how many vowels sounds you hear in a single word.  We know vowels and vowel combinations can make all different sounds, so knowing the different kinds of syllables helps to determine what sound the vowels will make.  Teaching the syllable types can help our students become stronger readers and spellers. 

    Teaching students the syllable types helps them understand how to break longer words into manageable parts.  It allows them to read longer words more accurately and fluently, helps to build their confidence as readers, and gives them a strategy for attacking these longer, more challenging words!

    What Are The Six Syllable Types?  


    💕 Closed: These syllables end in a consonant and the vowel is usually short.  This is the most common type of syllable we see in English.  Ex:  rabbit

    💕 Vowel + Consonant + E Syllables: These syllables have a long vowel and end with a silent e.  Ex: cup-cake

    💕 Open Syllables: These syllables end in a vowel and the vowel is generally long. Ex: ro-bot

    💕 Vowel Team Syllables:  These syllables are spelled with two vowels that are next to each other.  Ex: tea-cup

    💕 R-Controlled: These syllables have a vowel followed by the letter r (er, ir, ur, ar, or). The letter r affects the vowel sound.  These types of syllables can be difficult for students to master and will likely require continuous review.  Ex: burger

    💕 Consonant + LE: These syllables have a consonant followed by -le at the end of the word.   If a C-le syllable is combined with an open syllable — as in cable, you do not double the consonant. If one is combined with a closed syllable — little — you double the consonant.